Fetch

Next.js extends the native Web fetch() API to allow each request on the server to set its own persistent caching semantics.

In the browser, the cache option indicates how a fetch request will interact with the browser's HTTP cache. With this extension, cache indicates how a server-side fetch request will interact with the framework's persistent HTTP cache.

You can call fetch with async/await directly within Server Components.

// This request should be cached until manually invalidated.
// Similar to `getStaticProps`.
// `force-cache` is the default and can be omitted.
fetch(URL, { cache: 'force-cache' });

// This request should be refetched on every request.
// Similar to `getServerSideProps`.
fetch(URL, { cache: 'no-store' });

// This request should be cached with a lifetime of 10 seconds.
// Similar to `getStaticProps` with the `revalidate` option.
fetch(URL, { next: { revalidate: 10 } });

fetch(url, options)

Since Next.js extends the Web fetch() API, you can use any of the native options available.

Further, Next.js polyfills fetch on both the client and the server, so you can use fetch in both Server and Client Components.

options.cache

Configure how the request should interact with Next.js HTTP cache.

fetch(URL, { cache: 'force-cache' | 'no-store' });
  • force-cache (default) - Next.js looks for a matching request in its HTTP cache.
    • If there is a match and it is fresh, it will be returned from the cache.
    • If there is no match or a stale match, Next.js will fetch the resource from the remote server and update the cache with the downloaded resource.
  • no-store - Next.js fetches the resource from the remote server on every request without looking in the cache, and it will not update the cache with the downloaded resource.

Good to know:

  • If you don't provide a cache option, Next.js will default to force-cache, unless a dynamic function such as cookies() is used, in which case it will default to no-store.
  • The no-cache option behaves the same way as no-store in Next.js.

options.next.revalidate

fetch(URL, { next: { revalidate: false | 0 | number } } });

Set the cache lifetime of a resource (in seconds).

  • false - Cache the resource indefinitely. Semantically equivalent to revalidate: Infinity. The HTTP cache may evict older resources over time.
  • 0 - Prevent the resource from being cached.
  • number - (in seconds) Specify the resource should have a cache lifetime of at most n seconds.

Good to know:

  • If an individual fetch() request sets a revalidate number lower than the default revalidate of a route, the whole route revalidation interval will be decreased.
  • If two fetch requests with the same URL in the same route have different revalidate values, the lower value will be used.
  • As a convenience, it is not necessary to set the cache option if revalidate is set to a number since 0 implies cache: 'no-store' and a positive value implies cache: 'force-cache'.
  • Conflicting options such as { revalidate: 0, cache: 'force-cache' } or { revalidate: 10, cache: 'no-store' } will cause an error.